There are primary and secondary gates along the ramparts of Istanbul. The gates are under a 5 meter wide arch in the walls. These gates had marble-coated internal sides and wooden external cases. There is distance of 25 meters between the external gate and the internal gate. There are 36 small and large gates connecting the interior of the city walls to the outside. The primary gates from the Topkapı Palace gate and to the Golden Horn, on to Yedikule and back to Topkapı Palace are as follows: The Golden (Silver) Gate The Golden Gate was used during the Byzantine era only for special ceremonies. The Belgrade Gate This gate in Yedikule is the second largest military gate and dates back to the 5th century. It was used for military exercises. The Silivri Gate One of the country gates is today known as Silivrikapi. During a restoration in 1987, a tomb was discovered.It consisted of two sections housing five tombs from earlier ages. The Kalagru Gate This was a small military gate between the Pege and Rhesium gates used during the Byzantine era. The Mevlana Gate During the last periods of the Byzantine Empire, a Russian community that had settled in Eyüp in the 9th century was allowed to enter the city through this gate. Thus it was also known as the “Russian Gate”. During the Ottoman Empire, the gate came to be known as the “Mevlevihane Gate” because a Mevlevihane was located in the neighborhood. The Topkapı (Cannon Gate) During the conquest, Fatih Sultan Mehmet established his headquarters at this point and set up the largest cannons here and the cannons were fired at this point. The Sulukule Gate Since it is located above the Lykos Brook, this was named Sulukule (the Water Tower). Following the conquest, the gypsies settled in this area. They are now being relocated. The Edirne Gate It is said that this was the first gate to be opened during the conquest. The Byzantine emperors who went voyages, merchants from Rumelia, and foreign ambassadors would enter the city through this gate. The Eğri Kapı (Crooked Gate) It is said that artisans making shoes and boots for the army during the Byzantine era were located in this area. The Blakhernai Gate This was one of the civilian gates giving access to the Blakhernai Palace and its surroundings. It includes four towers, built by order of Byzantine emperors, and three other towers built by order of Fatih Sultan Mehmet.

Topkapı, Edirnekapı
No votes yet