Kumkapı

KUMKAPI

Until recently, Kumkapı was a district of Greek and Armenina fishermen. Only some examples of Greek and Armenian churches and some of the most developed middleclass fish taverns of İstanbul remain. Old Greek houses are in the Byzantine residential style. The Armenian Gregorian Patriarchate and churches are in the district of Nişanca. When Fatih Sultan Mehmet invited everyone, whether Turkish-Muslim or non-Muslim, to settle in the new capital, Armenians moved inside the city. As they came from six locations they were referred to as the six communities. Then they increased to twelve communities. The first Armenian Patriarchate was founded in Samatya. The building of the Patriarchate was a fine wooden building of the 19th century. The biggest church, Surp Asdvadzadzin (Mother Mary) is now used as the Patriarchate's Church. The holy spring in the lower floor shows that this place came from the Byzantine era. The grave and sculpture of Kazaz Artin, a prominent person of the Armenian community and respected by Mahmut II, are also here.