Kucukayasofya

Küçükayasofya Tekkesi (Little Hagia Sophia Dervish Lodge)

There are handicraft workshops, souvenir sellers, and booksellers in the building that was turned into a center of traditional handicrafts. There are also training courses to teach the arts of gilding, marbling and calligraphy. The garden that is surrounded with flowers also offers service as a cafeteria. Reed flute tunes can be heard through the streets.

Küçükayasofya Handicrafts Bazaar (Handicrafts Section P. 272)

Küçükayasofya Mosque (Little Hagia Sophia Mosque) This mosque is in a small district between the districts of Cankurtaran and Kadırga. Sultanahmet is just in the vicinity. The streets in this district open to the shores of Marmara through the passes under the railroad. Küçükayasofya Mosque was turned into a mosque during the reign of Bayazıd II (1481-1512) by Darüssaade Ağası Hüseyin Ağa. It was originally an orthodox church built after the Justinianus I ascended to the throne. The construction of the church, which is also known as Sergios and Bakhos Church, lasted 38 years. Rumor has it that Justinianus I was going to be punished as he participated in a rebellion against his uncle Justinos I and that he was acquitted because the saints Sergios and Bakhos appeared in Justinos' dream and they testified for him. After he became emperor, he built this church in the name of these saints. The minaret of the mosque that rises with four corners constructed from bricks has one minaret symbol. Its dome, which is 19 meters high, is situated on arches of eight feet. Sixteen of the 34 marble pillars in green and red are located on the main floor and the other 18 are above. The main hall has five domes and six pillars which were built later.

Kadırga

The district of Kadırga was turned into a harbor in the Byzantine era. The Kadırga Square and the Cinci (Cündi) Square near it were the primary festival areas of İstanbul until the 1950's. Karagöz shadow players, improvisers, and acrobats would display their shows here. Esma Sultan Namazgâhı is an open air religious service area for people on the road to perform their namaz without losing time. It is the only example of its type in İstanbul. Namaz services are performed on the upper floor, which resembles a terrace. The Atia Kiryaki Roman Orthodox Church on Kadırga Avenue is a work of the early periods of this era. Its architect was Tiadis. The Church of Panaia Elpida was built by wealthy Greek people in the previous centuries.

Özbekler Tekkesi

This is one of the five Uzbek Tekke's in İstanbul. This dervish lodge between Kadırga and Sultanahmet was the vacation place for Uzbek and Bukhara Turks in İstanbul. Kumkapı Until recently, Kumkapı was a district of Greek and Armenina fishermen. Only some examples of Greek and Armenian churches and some of the most developed middleclass fish taverns of İstanbul remain. Old Greek houses are in the Byzantine residential style. The Armenian Gregorian Patriarchate and churches are in the district of Nişanca. When Fatih Sultan Mehmet invited everyone, whether Turkish-Muslim or non-Muslim, to settle in the new capital, Armenians moved inside the city. As they came from six locations they were referred to as the six communities. Then they increased to twelve communities. The first Armenian Patriarchate was founded in Samatya. The building of the Patriarchate was a fine wooden building of the 19th century. The biggest church, Surp Asdvadzadzin (Mother Mary) is now used as the Patriarchate's Church. The holy spring in the lower floor shows that this place came from the Byzantine era. The grave and sculpture of Kazaz Artin, a prominent person of the Armenian community and respected by Mahmut II, are also here.