Transport

 

ISTANBUL FROM ONE SIDE  TO THE OTHER

Despite its complicated prospect, it is possible to travel in Istanbul day and night by bus, tramway, train, ferry, sea-bus, and motorboat. This city is also the starting point of all kinds for train, ship, bus, and plane travel.

Travel by ferry accompanled by sea gulls is a great pleasure.



LOCAL TRANSPORT
İstanbul is spread out on a wide area constituting European shore, Anatolian shore, the Golden Horn, Bosporus and the Islands. It is necessary to use these transport vehicles properly to wander around this city more easily. The Historical Peninsula, especially Eminönü district, can be wandered around on foot best.
• Day and night, you can go wherever you want in Istanbul, yet it should not be forgotten that you are in a metropolitan city with a population of 15 million.
•  Istanbul and the Historical Peninsula can be explored by public transport vehicles. It is possible to arrive wherever you want in Istanbul by subway and suburban trains,  by ferry, sea-bus, and private ferries, by public bus and shared taxi. All these vehicles, despite minor seasonal changes, run from 6 am in the morning to 11 or 12 pm at night. Except for some routes, the ticket fee is almost the same for all routes. You can buy tickets or tokens from the ticket offices at some stops and the docks. However, the best way is to get an Akbil, a kind of travel pass for public transport, by paying a reasonable deposit. With this system, you can upload all the ticket credits you will use; at the same time, the ticket price is reduced.. Thus, there is no need to buy a token or ticket each time you want to use a public vehicle. It is also possible to return the Akbil and get your deposit back when leaving Istanbul.The tramway passes through the middle of the Historical Peninsula.


Exceptions
There is a discount for students with the International Youth Travel Federation card. For the handicapped, special buses, ramps, and special telephone booths at central stops are available.




Image result for istanbul kartİstanbul Kart offers discount advantage for travel.

 

 

 

The Funicular provides the connection  between Taksim and Kabataş  of Istanbul's railway transport system.

 

 

The subway, still being expanded, is the most common public transport

 

 



Image result for iett otobusBetween Asian and Europaean shores and throughout Istanbul Municipality buses, in which ticket or Akbil are used, have a wide service route.

 

 

 

The subway, still being expanded, is the most common public transport


 

 

 


Transport by Sea

• The Eminönü district in Istanbul, the only city in the world separated by sea, is one of the passenger transport centers by sea transport vehicles. There is scheduled service by ferries from the docks on the right of the Galata Bridge to Kadıköy, Üsküdar and Bosporus; and from the docks on the left to the Golden Horn, Üsküdar and Kadıköy. The names of the destinations are written in big font above the dock buildings.
Also:
• The ferries with scheduled service and private motorboats depart from here for Bosporus tours.
• In the same district, it is possible to arrive at the  Harem Coach Station by scheduled ferryboat service.
• Passenger ships and ferryboats depart from Sarayburnu Dock which is a bit further from this dock.
• Excursions are available from Kabataş Dock to the Princes' Islands.
Also, sea-bus transportation is available to Bostancı, Bakırköy and Avcılar districts.

• Regular sea-bus transportation to Bostancı, Bakırköy and ferryboat transportation to Bursa, Yalova, Mudanya and Bandırma from Yenikapı Dock are available. In addition, fast ferryboat service with Yalova connection is available from Pendik and Kartal districts.
• Bosporus tours by private boats departing from Kabataş Dock, usually through reservations from big hotels, can be arranged as well.

Kadıköy, Üsküdar, Beşiktaş, Haliç and Boğaz ferries depart from the docks in Eminönü. In addition, Eminönü, Karaköy, and Kadıköy motorboat service is also available throughout the day from very early hours.

 

Inner and outer city service by sea-bus and ferry and between Eminönü and Harem by ferry is available.

 

 

SHARED TAXI (Dolmuş)

These shared taxis depart from the most crowded parts of the city and go to far areas. The fee is based on the distance. In busy places such as Taksim, shared taxi service is available until late hours. Besides yellow ones, old minibuses operate in some districts as well. Some personal cars are also used as shared taxis. It is possible to benefit from shared taxis on these routes: Beşiktaş-Harbiye-Taksim, Nişantaşı-Eminönü-Yeşilköy, Kadıköy-Pendik.


Railway Transport
• Istanbul's railway transport consists of the subway, tramway and funicular. A traveller can move by subway and light rail from Ataturk Airport to Taksim and on to 4. Levent. From  Atatürk Airport, it is necessary to change to from the subway to the tramway at  Zeytinburnu or Yusufpaşa.  From Taksim the .6 km funicular takes one to the tramway at Kabataş. The  tramway route goes through Eminönü and the Galata Bridge, Sultanahmet, and further on to Zeytinburnu, passing through the middle of the Historical Peninsula. The tramway runs every five minutes. In the tramway wagons the next stop is indicated by light legend and voice. By getting off the tramway at Pazartekke stop, which is the nearest stop to the city walls before leaving the historical peninsula, it is possible to go to the Kariye Museum in Edirnekapı by an hour's walk. This the point reached  by the longest walk. You can walk another half an hour when you want to go to Balat on foot.
• If you do not want to use this route, the taxi fee from Sultanahmet to Kariye Museum is no more than 15 YTL.   
• Between Sirkeci and Halkalı on the  European side and between Haydarpaşa and Gebze on Anatolian side, suburban trains run from 05.00 am to 11.30 pm.


Metro bus
The metro buses operating between Avcılar and Topkapı on their allocated lanes are very efficient for public transport.

 

 


Bridges
Connecting the Anatolian and European sides of Istanbul, the  Bosporus and Fatih Sultan Mehmet bridges are open 24 hours a day.  Different fees are paid for access by bus, minibus, motorcycle, lorry, truck, or personal vehicle. Also, it is possible to pass through the toll booths by the OGS (Automatic Access System) and KGS (Card Access System). The Bosporus Bridge connects Beylerbeyi and Ortaköy, while the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge extends between Kavacık and Hisarüstü.

The OGS (Automatic Access System) saves time, especially during the busiest hours of the day.

 

 

 



Daily Panaromic Tour Of Istanbul
Doubledecker tourist buses departing from Hagia Sophia Mosque follow the main sites of the historical peninsula passing through Edirnekapı, Unkapanı, Karaköy, Dolmabahçe and then return to Sultanahmet. Throughout the day you may get on and get off a number of times. It is also possible to get Information in eleven languages with headphones.
The Best Way of Exploring Istanbul
City Sightseeing buses are the most original and comprehensive way of discovering the city's main highlights and points of interest. You may hop off at any of the mentioned HO-HO points and hop on to the next bus, on the same day of the tour, with the same ticket.
The Satisfying Services
The latest technical advantages will serve you as multilingual audio-guiding system in original commentary of 8 different languages, with personal earphones for each guest.

 

TRANSPORT TO OTHER CITIES
• It is possible to go by bus wherever you want in Turkey from Istanbul. Esenler Coach Station on the European side and the Harem Coach Station on the Anatolian side include bus companies providing intercity transport. In the same way, it is possible to travel to many destinations In Turkey and outside Turkey using the  railway departing from Sirkeci and Haydarpaşa Stations.


• Intercity passenger ships and ferries depart from Sarayburnu Dock.

 

 



   Haydarpaşa Station on the Anatolian side         

 

 

 

 

Sirkeci Station on the European side (right) are the first stops for local and out-of town railway transport.



Rental Car
You can rent a car from the branches of rental car offices which are at the airports,  bus terminals or in town. International driving licenses are good for hiring cars in Turkey.
The rental car campanies present services on an international scale and often also offer chauffeur services.


Intercity and international bus service on the European side is provided by Esenler Coach Station (above). Various bus firms in the Harem Coach Station on the Anatolian side offer intercity transportation.
 

 


IMPORTANT PHONE NUMBERS FOR TRANSPORT
• Istanbul Transport Inc.    Tel : (212) 568 99 70
 Tramway-Subway Passenger Services Dep.    Tel : 444 00 88
     www.istanbul-ulasim.com.tr
• Istanbul Sea Bus Facilities-
  Customer Services       Tel : (0212) 444 44 36
     www.ido.com.tr 
     Sea Bus Bakırköy      Tel : (212) 660 90 02
     Sea Bus Yenikapı     Tel : (212) 444 44 36
     Sea Bus  Karaköy      Tel : (212) 251 61 44
• TCDDY (State Railways)
     www.tcdd.gov.tr
     Sirkeci Railway Station     Tel : (212) 527 00 50
     Haydarpaşa Railway Station   Tel : (216) 336 04 75
     For International trains  Tel : (212) 520 65 75
• Turkish Airways     Tel : 444 0 849
     www.thy.com
     Atatürk Airport    Tel : (212) 465 30 00
     Sabiha Gökçen Airport    Tel : (216) 585 50 00
• Tourism Police    Tel : (212) 527 45 03
    www.istanbulkulturturizm.gov.tr
• Esenler Coach Station    Tel : (212) 658 05 05
    www.otogaristanbul.com
    Ulusoy    Tel : 444 18 88
    Varan    Tel : (212) 251 74 74
• Harem Coach Station    Tel : (216) 553 37 63

USEFUL INFORMATION
As the most populous city of Turkey, Istanbul has a cosmopolitan aspect. In addition to the migration from Anatolia, there are many foreigners who are residents of Istanbul. Therefore, life in Istanbul is different from and faster than any other province of Turkey.
The many privately owned hospitals as well as the state owned hospitals provide health care 24 hours a day. All health institutions own or offer ambulance services. In order to use ambulance service all around the country, a single phone number applies: 112. The pharmacies are open during working hours on weekdays, and some pharmacies are open during the nights and at the weekends.
155 Police Help line is at everyone's disposal. It is the shortest way of accessing         the police. Through the “City Information and Security System”, known as M.O.B.E.S.E., introduced by the Istanbul Police Department, live footage is received from several critical points of the city around the clock. Thus, the intervention required  in any case of security is provided as soon as possible.
The red direction signs around the city make it easy to go to historical sites.
Individuals or groups can visit the state and privately owned museums, the palaces, and the historical sites  through individual or group tours accompanied by licensed guides with fees determined by the Ministry of Tourism.

 

 

 

 

 

 

All currencies are accepted.
Banks have ATM machines to draw cash and foreign money exchange offices are available in most areas. Certain banks cash traveller's cheques, in TL only and with a commission.

THE HOSPITALS

İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi
Çapa-Phone : (0212) 414 20 00
İstanbul Üniversitesi Cerrahpaşa Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi
Cerrahpaşa Phone:(0212) 414 30 00
Acıbadem Hastanesi 
Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil Cad. Bakırköy
Phone : (0212) 414 44 44
Dünya Göz Hastanesi
Nispetiye Cad. Aydın Sok. No:1
1. Levent-Phone:(0212) 281 11 11
Haseki Hastanesi
Haseki-Phone : (0212) 589 62 29
Esnaf Hastanesi
Süleymaniye-
Phone:(0212) 527 57 57
American Hospital
Güzelbahçe Sk. Nişantaşı
Phone : (0212) 231 40 50
Austria St. George Hospital
Bereketzade Medresesi Sk.
No: 5/7 Beyoğlu
Phone : (0212) 243 25 90-91
Armenian Catholic Surp Agop Hospital Beyoğlu
Phone : (0212) 230 17 18
Balat Jewish Hospital
Fatih-Phone : (0212) 524 11 56
Balıklı Rum Hospital
Zeytinburnu
Phone : (0212) 582 70 32
Florance Nigthingale Hospital
Abide-i Hürriyet Cad. No: 290 Şişli
Phone : (0212) 224 49 50
German Hospital
Sıraselviler Cad. No: 119 Taksim
Phone : (0212) 293 21 50

International Hospital
Istanbul Cad. No: 82 Yeşilköy
Tel : (0212) 663 30 00
Italian Hospital
Tophane
Tel : (0212) 249 97 51/52
Surp Pirgiç Armenian Hospital
Zeytinburnu
Tel : (0212) 582 50 50


THE CHURCHES

Aya Kiryaki Greek Church
(Merdivenli Kilise)
Kadırga Liman Cad. No: 21 Kumkapı
Phone: 517 18 58
Armenian Church
Şarapnel Sok. No: 20
Kumkapı
Phone: 0212 517 09 70
St. George Church
Sadrazam Ali Paşa Cad.
Fener
Phone: 0212 531 96 70-71
St. Mary Pammakaristos
Fener
Phone: 0212 522 17 50
Meryem Ana Süryani Kadim Kilisesi 
Tarlabaşı-Phone: 0212 250 16 06
Aya Konstantin Rum Ortodoks Church
İlyas Bey Cad. No: 57 Samatya
Phone: 0212 586 12 46